Important General Information for New American
Everything you need to know about your Social Security Number (SSN)
Who is an asylum-seeker?
A person who has left their country and is seeking protection from persecution and serious human rights violations in another country, but who has not yet been officially recognized as a refugee and is awaiting a judgment on their asylum claim, is known as an asylum seeker. Asylum is a basic human right. This means that everyone should be free to seek asylum in another country.
Who is a migrant?
A migrant has no legal definition that is universally acknowledged. Amnesty International, like most agencies and organizations, considers migrants to be people who are living outside their country of origin but are neither asylum seekers or refugees.
Some migrants leave their home nation in order to work, study, or reunite with relatives, for example. Others believe they have no choice but to flee because of poverty, political upheaval, gang violence, natural disasters, or other dire circumstances.
It is critical to recognize that even if migrants are not fleeing persecution, they are nevertheless entitled to have all of their human rights safeguarded and respected, regardless of their status in the country to which they have relocated. All migrants must be protected against racist and xenophobic violence, exploitation, and forced labor by governments. Migrants should never be imprisoned or coerced to return to their home countries unless there is a valid justification for doing so.
Obtaining Asylum in the United States
Forms of asylum:
In the United States, there are two ways to seek refuge. Individuals who are not in removal proceedings go via the affirmative asylum process, whereas those who are in removal proceedings go through the defensive asylum process. When the US government orders your removal (deportation) from the country, you are in removal proceedings.
A person who is not in removal proceedings can petition for asylum directly with the United States government, through the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), a division of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). If the asylum application is denied by a USCIS asylum officer, the applicant is referred to removal proceedings, where he or she might request asylum again through the defense process and appear before an immigration judge.
In removal proceedings, a person may petition for asylum defensively by filing an application with an immigration court at the Department of Justice's Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR). In other words, asylum is sought "as a defense against deportation from the United States."
You must be physically present in the United States to apply for asylum under the affirmative asylum process. Regardless of how you came in the United States or your present immigration status, you can ask for asylum.
Unless you can show the following, you must petition for asylum within one year of your previous arrival in the United States:
Changed circumstances fundamentally affecting your asylum eligibility or unusual circumstances connected to the filing delay; and
Given the circumstances, you filed in a reasonable length of time.
The Affirmative Asylum Process
STEP 1: Arrive in the U.S.
You must be physically present in the United States to apply for asylum under the affirmative asylum process
STEP 2: Apply for Asylum
You must file Form I-589, Application for Asylum and Withholding of Removal, with USCIS within one year of your last arrival in the United States to be considered for asylum (unless you qualify for an exception to the 1-year filing deadline).
You may not be eligible to petition for asylum under section 208(a)(2)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act if you do not file Form I-589 within one year of your arrival in the United States (INA).
STEP 3: Fingerprinting and Background/Security Checks
You should read the ASC Appointment Notice and bring it with you to your appointment with the ASC for fingerprinting. As an asylum seeker, you do not have to pay a fingerprinting cost.
STEP 4: Receive an Interview Notice
USCIS will schedule an interview with an asylum officer at either a USCIS asylum office or a USCIS field office, depending on where you live (also called a circuit ride location).
STEP 5: Interview
You may attend the interview with an attorney or an authorised representative. At the interview, you must also bring your spouse and any children who are claiming derivative asylum benefits.
If you are unable to complete the interview in English, you must bring an interpreter with you.
STEP 6: Asylum Officer Makes Determination on Eligibility and Supervisory Asylum Officer Reviews the Decision
To be eligible for asylum, you must fit the definition of a refugee.
The asylum officer will decide if you are eligible for:
Are entitled to file an asylum application;
Meet the INA's section 101(a)(42)(A) definition of a refugee;
Are not eligible for asylum under the INA's section 208(b)(2).
STEP 7: Receive Decision
In most situations, you will return to the asylum office two weeks after the asylum officer questioned you to pick up the verdict.
More Resources: USCIS
The Defensive Asylum Process
Part 1: Master Calendar Hearing
The judge will ask you if each of the counts against you is true during one of your initial hearings, also known as a Master Calendar Hearing, at the start of your case. Pay attention to the questions and don't agree to information that aren't entirely accurate.
Following that, the judge should ask you certain questions to determine if you are eligible for a visa to remain in the United States. The judge should also inquire if you are terrified of returning to your homeland. Explain to the judge why you want to petition for asylum, withholding of removal, or CAT protection.
Part 2: Individual or Merits Hearing
This is the last hearing in your case, during which the judge will listen to your tale and ask you and any witnesses, if any, questions regarding your application and anything else you turn in for the court to consider.
You get to share your story in your last hearing, and the court decides your case. The Immigration Judge, an interpreter (if you do not speak English fluently), the lawyer representing DHS (known as the "trial attorney"), and you will all be present at the hearing. If there are witnesses, they must also be present. You should be aware that the Department of Homeland Security may have witnesses against you, but this is an uncommon occurrence.
The judge normally decides whether you will be granted asylum/withholding of removal at the conclusion of the hearing. However, a judge may take some time to consider or write down his or her verdict, in which case you will have to wait a little longer.
Part 3: Appeals
Both you and DHS have the option of appealing the decision to the Board of Immigration Appeals, which is a higher court (or BIA).
The judge will ask both you and the trial attorney whether you want to "reserve appeal," that is, whether you want to keep your right to appeal, as soon as the court tells you the judgment (unless you hear it later, in writing). You can also "waive appeal," which indicates you're giving up your right to file an appeal.
If you lose and "reserve appeal," you must send your papers to the Board of Immigration Appeals by the 30th day, or the judges will not read them and you will lose your right to appeal.
All P1 Visa applicants must provide a standard set of documentation to assess whether or not they are qualified for the visa. A contract with a team or sports league in the United States is required. A contract offered in an individual sport can also be used. You will also require at least two of the following documents:
Proof that you will take part in a big US sporting event
Proof of the team's or athlete's high position, particularly if the sport has an international ranking system.
Evidence that you will play for a national team at an international level.
Proof that you or the team you're on has won an award or gotten a notable recognition in the sport.
Proof of participation in a previous competition for a US university or college.
A written statement from an expert or a member of the sports media demonstrating that you and your team are internationally known.
You'll need separate evidence to confirm your eligibility for this Visa if you're a part of an entertainment group. You will be requested to provide a statement that lists all members of the group or team, as well as the dates they were employed. There must also be documentation that the group has been in existence for at least one year. Not to mention, you'll need proof of any nominations or awards the group has received in this category.
You will also require at least three of the following documents:
Trade journals, testimonials, newspapers, publications, and other sources of evidence that the organization or team will continue their work.
Proof that in compared to other teams in the same business, the group requests a high premium for their services.
Newspapers, periodicals, and other sources of proof of the group's international recognition.
Evidence of the team's success in previous events, such as receipts, video sales, or anything else of the type.
Proof of anyone in the group receiving particular recognition or awards from government agencies, groups, experts, or critics.
How Much Does a P1 Visa Cost?
A US sponsor or company must file a Form I-129 to USCIS before the athlete can apply for the P1 Visa. There is a $460 cost for each petition. The P Visa application fee is approximately $190. If you wish to proceed with the rest of the application, you must pay this cost.
However, depending on your country's relationship with the United States, additional fees may apply.
P1 Visa Processing Time?
The applicant will have to wait 3 to 6 months after submitting the visa application. Premium processing is available in some cases, and you can obtain it more faster, but you will have to pay for it. After 15 days, you will receive a response. However, the charge is more than $1,225.
Are there any alternatives to a P1 Visa?
If you are not a professional athlete and are not qualified for a P1 Visa, you can apply for an H-2B Visa. If you don't have enough achievements for a P1 visa, the H-2B visa will suffice. In addition, while P1 Visas are not available for amateur athletes, a B-2 Visa will allow them to go to the United States for amateur tournaments.
Is it Possible for a P1 Visa Holder to Apply for a Green Card?
The ability to transition from a P1 Visa to a Green Card is contingent on the circumstances. Because the P1 Visa is only for temporary stay, it would normally be quite difficult. When you apply for a P Visa, you are essentially agreeing to return at the end of the term.
However, if you marry and start a family in the United States, you can apply for a Green Card for permanent residence. It's also conceivable if you switch to an H-1B visa status.
Being a high-performing athlete with exceptional talents will also help you get a Green Card. You'll be able to apply for either an EB-1 or EB-2 Green Card.
We will give a variety of foreign student resources and visa services to assist you in learning everything you need to know about studying in the United States, including exploring university options, degree options, and preparing for visa interviews.
I hope this information was useful. Complex immigration processing can be incredibly complicated and stressful for everyone. Before filing this application, you should seek legal advice from an experienced attorney.